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The Library

The Library of  the Italian Gold History museum  collects books, brochures and manuscripts concerning the gold ore, the minerals that usually accompany it and the mining activities that have concerned them, with particular regard to Italia. The materials were collected during the fifty-year historical and exploratory research of Dr. Giusdeppe Pipino: “encroachments”, sometimes only apparent, sometimes substantial, are due to its different interests and the need to know better the history and nature of some localities.

Given that the objective was to have as much as could be used for specific mining research, in addition to the originals, as much as possible, were also collected photocopies of publications and documents, also in libraries and archives not only Italian: to notice that today many of the originals are excluded from reproduction, while others are impossible to found, so whitch the photocopies possessed must be replace and  they constitute rarities that enrich many rare original specimens, if not unique, owned by the Library. For the same purpose it was preferred to extract what was interesting from books and magazines, sometimes even materially: for this reason most of used modern periodicals were not kept, except in the case of monographic numbers.

Sometimes the extracted publication is reduced to one page or even less, but it is the only interesting and available part about treated subject.  Priority has been given to older publications, where possible trying to trace the sources of news and to get copies of them: lots of very recent publications have been neglected, that reproducing trite data, and very often provide incorrect bibliographical information or do not take into account of previous information, even they, do not intentionally, upset it in order to substantiate preconceived theses, as the presumed sinsedimentary origin of the metalliferous deposits (see, for Liguria BRIGO, FERRARIO, ZUFFARDI, for Tuscany TANELLI, for Sardinia FLOWERS and companions).And, speaking of the last two regions, the collection of the writings about “invisible gold”, of the same authors, being the publications countless repetitive, contradict their previous theses, do not add much to what was previously published by Dr. Pippin (1988, 1989) and are careful to not  admit their previous mistakes and the priority of others' discoveries.

At the“Conventions for Basic Research” carried out by RIMIN on behalf of the Ministry of Industry, throughout Italy,  only certain parts are kept, found for comparison, having retained not useful to obtain copies of all the others, both for the enormous amount of documentation and for this reason complete futility.  This things has to be made clear because it happens to be mentioned some of them, as if they were serious research.

Since 1984, in non-suspicious periods, the dott. Pipino had to examine those relating to Calabria, Trentino and Southern Tuscany on behalf of COMINCO, which had been invited by the Ministry to propose more advanced research programmes, compared to those presented by the Canadian company, because the preliminary geochemical phase would already have been carried out by RIMIN: A few insights were sufficient to prove that the location of the samples collected and analysed was far-fetched and that the results of the chemical analyses did not correspond to the relative minerals.This thing was recognized, for all the three interested areas, and the Ministry had to retrace the steps (as show from the official acts of the relative permissions then obtained from COMINCO Italy). In fact, the campaign samples were carried out by students or recent graduates without experience and the analyses were carried out by laboratories create too quickly by persons and entities related to RIMIN or  by other companies of the ENI Group. Later was recognized that the Basic Research carried out by RIMIN and the operating ones carried out by other companies of the Group (SAMIM, AGIP Miniere, etc.) must be hide some deception, caused by the enormous use of public money, disproportionate compared to operations performed and results obtained, this fact was pubblic reported more time by Dott. Pipino , both by various letters to interested parties and through his publications (1989, 1992).At the time it had not yet emerged what should be well known to the staff, that is a large part of the resources allocated by the Ministry ends up in n the hands of  political and parties: everything came to light with the scandal “tangentopoli” and with the beginning of the inquiry“Mani Pulite” (1992), which led to the arrest and suicide in prison of the president of’ENI (1993).

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Much of the material collected obviously concerns Piedmont and Valle d'Aosta, our classic auriferous regions”, and, for recent times, Southern Tuscany and Sardinia, auriferous regions following discovered by the exploratory activity and the historical and bibliographical studies of Dr. Pipino.  As it is recognised this activity has been of particular interest to Liguria, follows a rich documentation on this region.  However, the other Italian regions have not been neglected,  for which all the news about the presence of gold, even the most insignificant or abstruse too, not disdaining to collect other materials of some interest deposit or historical-mining recovered during the research.

The abundance of archaeological publications is not random. They have been used to look for  links between the old minning-metallurgical activities and local metalliferous resources, a subject that when Dr. Pipino  stared his career was completely neglected in Italy, because of the mistaken belief that our Country was poor if not completely devoid of metallic resources. The resources, instead, are diffused in great part of our Country, and if today do not offer some economic perspective it has not always been so, enough to think that in the second half of the nineteenth century the Italy was between the greater European producers of gold, copper, iron, manganese, mercury and pyrite.

About ancient times it is necessary to consider the discreet alluvial gold deposits, especially the terraced fully exploited by the ancient populations and by the Romans, as well as with an infinity of small mixed sulphide outcrops which today may appear insignificant but which in ancient times, and even in a less remote past, have been able to constitute discrete sources of supply of silver, copper, iron and other metals with which to manufacture in place objects for which, almost always, the Archaeology“” instead it seeks distant productions.

We must also consider the deposits of allumite, cultivated for centuries to obtain allum, which also represented a primacy of our country and whose historical presence, completely forgotten, had directed the dott. Pipino towards the search for epithermal gold in the same contexts.

The collection of materials concerning foreign deposits, in addition to those those explored personally, has obviously served for insights and comparisons:  Very useful have been, in particular, studies on the exploitation of gold-bearing floods in various parts of the world to trace back to the initial state of the gold-bearing terraces at the foot of the Alps and to understand their working methods.

Furthermore , during the research there emerged an unknown involvement of “diggers” and Italian writers in the search for gold in various countries, beginning with Christopher Columbus, which can well be defined as the first gold seeker of the New World.

The specific collection of texts “Colomumbian” by Italian authors dealing with gold mines in various parts of the world is therefore logical. About these, it should be specify that some are not properly Italian, but almost: for example Nesbitt was of Italian mother and had lived much in Italy;  Strozzi was from Canton Ticino;  Rolle is american, probably of Italian origin, and by the way his book speak about Italian immigration to the United States;  Dianda is German but of Italian origin, as he stated in Italian in a television interview.

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Since the main purpose of the collection has been to have at hand, and to offer a tool of consultation as immediate as possible for specific searches, books and miscellaneous are ordered according to a thematic-geographic order.

The general alphabetical index of the authors allows to find these in the specific field, except the collectanee, for which a summary index of the contents has been inserted, in appendix.

In the second appendix is inserted the index of the complete series of “Newslewtter of the ILGGM (International Liaison Group on Gold mineralization), the only periodical kept, both because it is complete and not bulky, and because of its particular adherence to the theme treated, both for the particular period of publication (1985-2004), period that saw a great development of the gold mining activities, all over the word, following the discreet increase in the price of gold.

The publications are listed according to a bibliographical citation scheme, so that they can be found in other places where possible.

The distinction between the actual books and the booklets included in the miscellanies is not so much based on the number of pages, more or less 50, but on the physical consistency and, above all, about the content:  In the miscellaneous were also mentioned the Notes illustrative of the geological map, both because they are not so numerous to be worth a separate cataloguing, and because generally they are very misers of mining news.

Apart collectives those, reported with the title, the publications are indicated starting from the author’s surname, if not anonymous, followed by the name, in full or with the initial only, as it appears in the specimen possessed, without recourse to additions which could be arbitrary.

In the case of several authors, up to a maximum of three all are reported; if  they are more it was preferred to indicate only the first followed by et AL. (et alii) since many publications, even of a few pages, bear numerous signatures.

The titles of the publications are set in italics:  In the case they are a part of a volume, the titles of the chapters and the volume are write with quotation marks.  Following, for the books, the publisher the city and the year of publication, when present, otherwise is highlighted the omission (s.ed., s.l., s.d.) maybe by inserting between brackets those presumed or known from other source. .  Follows the number of pages, indicating the possible absence (s.n.p.), and also indications of possible tables, picture or maps outside text, to point out with the abbreviations (tavv.., figg., c. f.t.).  

Extracts “canonicals” from journals and cumulative publications, with covers and sometimes numbering of own pages, are expressly indicated, while original articles are not mentioned as such and the most modern photocopies and original extracts, produced without cover.The titles of the periodicals, as well as those of cumulative publications, conferences acts and exhibitions, are report in quotation marks, generally in abbreviated form but easily resolvable: because the works belong to different disciplines,  it was preferred not to use the codes of their own, difficult to solve for strangers: the Italian Mineralogical Journal, for example, that is auto-abbreviation in RMI, is indicated as riv. Min. It.  Instead, the most famous SIM and SIMP codes have been retained, for the best known and widespread accounts of the “Società Italiana di mineralogia”, which later became the “Società Italiana di mineralogia e petrologia”.The abbreviation “Boll. Ass. Min. Sub.” indicates obviously the Bulletin of the Subalpine Mining Association, published at the Polytechnic of Turin, but it must be specified that in recent years it has been added the acronym GEAM, for environmental geology, which ended up completely replacing the old title following the collapse of interest in mining disciplines. The series of magazines is expressly indicated (s.) only when it appears on the extracted or in the head of the article; they follow, when present, the year and/or the volume number in Roman or Arabic numbers, as shown in the copy, The year of publication, which often does not coincide with the year of printing, given the general chronic delay of  release, the possible file and the number of pages.  It is indicated in brackets if photocopy.

Complete library in PDF.(for a more practical consultation) logopdf